##### LEVEL 2 – GRADES 3 & 4

Level 2 Suggested Prerequisite Understanding

Our courses are designed with the following assumptions of student knowledge:

• Capable of recording data during experiments and activities, familiar with using data tables

• Comfortable with the concept of multiplication, exposure to the concept of division

• Able to add and subtract multi-digit numbers

• Exposure to fractions and decimals

• Recognizes there are different types of measurement (e.g. volume, length, weight)

###### 2021 - 2022

Fall

Math - XYZ

Describe the flight path of a fly buzzing across the room and a plane soaring across the sky.

Students are faced with the surprisingly interesting and challenging problem of precisely describing location and movement. They journey into René Descartes' creation - the coordinate system - to map all of a space with three coordinate axes.  They use this new invention as a powerful tool for describing, well pretty much where everything is and where everything is going!

Science - Civil Engineering

What are the physics behind cities?

Students invent, build, and test (systemically and with a little data collection) their way to the key structures, which define cities - towers, bridges, roads, and water systems. All the while, they are solving for the underlying physics which explains how these structures and machines work!

Winter

Math - Chances
This is a course on measuring and understanding probability using the world around us as a guide post. Students will explore a range of natural and man-made phenomena and develop strategies to measure certainty of random events.

Science - Biogeology

Students will study the relationship between the earth’s biosphere and the lithosphere. We will learn about the changes living organisms have gone through over time and the earth’s physical changes. The main focus will be on the impact living organisms have on earth and how it has increased over time. Students will be exploring the different resources organisms use and how extracting these resources affect the earth. Students will also be investigating and engineering new ways to promote renewable energy and ways to help sustain the earth’s resources.

Spring

Math - Shapes
Students in this course will explore a variety of two and three-dimensional shapes, understanding their categories and classifications.

Science - Food Chemistry: Taste and Nutrition

Food is science in action. Students make ice cream and understand the science behind it. They will extract fat from potato chips and chocolate. They will discover why lemon juice taste sour and orange juice sweet.  They will even try to chemically modify lemon juice to make it taste like orange juice! Students will have an entirely new understanding of how we taste food and how food helps our bodies grow.

###### 2022 - 2023

Fall

Math - Measurements & Conversions

This course will investigate why measurement systems are important and how different measures are developed and probe the question of whether measurement should be standardized. By studying both objective measurements, such as length and weight, as well as subjective, such as rating systems, students will develop their own measurement systems and learn how current systems were formed.

This course focuses on expanding arithmetic skills, understanding, defining and manipulating fractions, place value, and defining ratio relationships.

Science - Botany

In QuantumCamp's Botany Homeschool course, students dive into the surprisingly animated world of plants and how they mingle ever so perfectly with the sun, the earth, and animals. From soil science to chemistry, students will discover the primary survival mechanisms of our green cousins!

Students will learn about the growth and development of plants, from their beginning as seeds to their development of roots, stems, leaves, and flowers. Through hands-on experiments and caring for our own plants, students will learn how plants use resources such as soil, water, air, and sunlight. We will shed sunlight (pun intended!) on plants’ unique ability to make their own food through the process of photosynthesis. Students will also design an experiment to test the growth of a plant and will be presenting their results in week 10.

Winter

Math - Story of Numbers

Throughout history, there have been countless (no pun intended) number systems devised by humans. Why and how did we arrive at our Hindu-Arabic base-ten number system?

From the Mayans of Central America and the Yoruba of West Africa to the binary system used in modern computation, students are exposed to the idea that numbers are not some pre-ordained subject with a fixed set of rules to memorize. Numbers are human creations!

On the first day of class, students create their own number systems and are challenged to teach each other their respective systems and explain how counting, adding and multiplying work! Students take this knowledge and spring into our own number system — dissecting it piece by piece. What are its parts? How are they related? How does arithmetic flow from this? How do more complex structures like fractions and exponents relate?

Science - Meteorology

All atmospheric phenomena -  wind, rain, clouds, hurricanes, and tornadoes - are governed by a simple set of scientific properties of gases. How do scientists build up an understanding of weather using these basic laws of gases?

Students first conduct a series of chemical reactions to produce the basic gases of our atmosphere. Then, they explore how pressure, volume and temperature are intimately related. Additional experiments focus on water vapor and students create real weather phenomena,  cloud formation, precipitation, and humidity - in the lab. From here students are challenged to explain extreme weather phenomena like hurricanes and tornadoes

In the end, students make deep connections between basic physics and chemistry principles and how they can be used to explain real weather phenomena impacting us daily!

Spring

Math - Fractions

Fractions are the numbers in-between numbers! And it is where the world of math truly opens up and paves the way for all of the later topics - algebra, statistics, trigonometry, on and on.

In Fractions, students simply grapple with a series of real-world problems and have to essentially invent fractions! In the process, the key methods to manipulate and compute with fractions are discovered.

They learn that fractions represent parts of a whole. See how fractions are represented on the number line and that they can also be represented as decimals. They can be added and subtracted just like whole numbers. Lastly, students learn to reason abstractly and quantitatively by representing fractions concretely and pictorially, moving back and forth between ways to represent numbers.

Science - Zoology

Fur, feathers, or scales. Lungs or gills. Eggs or live birth. How do the amazing traits and surprising behavior of animals allow them to survive and thrive in their environment?

Through explorations of physical morphology and behavioral adaptations shared by groups of animals, students will see they can use this information to identify unknown species, and, in turn, they will begin to understand the power of categorizing and classifying as an important scientific process. In Zoology, QC students will ultimately see the wonderful ways animals play a part in our global ecosystem.